6 things you should do when buying a new router
If you are patient and spend only a few minutes setting up a new router; Problems that may arise later; You prevent. A WiFi router that is not set up properly and worse; Be weak in terms of security; It makes your network unstable and also vulnerable to saboteurs. The following guide can help you set up a reliable level of security for the network you are using.
Note, however, that each router has its own configuration page and the photos you see below; Not necessarily used on your router. For information on all device settings; Be sure to read its manual.
Update the firmware
Your router firmware has a set of instructions and tools stored in the device memory chip that controls everything from WiFi to a firewall.
Although new updates to the device firmware are rarely available; And the router firmware is designed to be always stable; However, for two reasons, after buying a new router, be sure to be aware of the status of new updates. The first reason is that you do not know at all how many times the router you have purchased has been stored in the vendor’s shop window and a new upgrade version may be provided.
Second, there may be vulnerabilities and security holes in the router firmware. Even though; This probability is very low compared to the problems that are frequently seen in the Windows operating system. It is better to always be aware of the status of the new update. Update means you always have access to the latest features provided.
Change the default password
All routers on the market; Have the same username and password by default. These defaults are never hidden, and a small Google search gives you the username and password of any router you want. Usually these are the words “admin / admin”. Which seems quite ridiculous.
So; If you do not want any hacker or saboteur to enter the network easily and simply drink water and laugh at you; Must be purchased immediately after the router; Change the administrator password before someone else does it for you.
Rename the Wi-Fi network (SSID)
The WiFi network name or SSID can provide valuable information to the router. for example; It may be called “Linksys”. This name means that the purchased router belongs to “Linksys” company, which makes it easier to find the default passwords. Even more professional people start searching for holes.
Change the network name to something completely different. But remember; Choose a name that does not display any information. But do not look for letters like “Apartment5a”. Choose a simple name that is easy to remember but has nothing to do with yourself. Even hybrid letters can be a good choice.
Choose a secure Wi-Fi password with the appropriate encryption
For years, router manufacturers have been marketing their products with very poor configuration. But it has been a while since they have changed the routine and offered routers with the highest level of WiFi encryption. Even passwords are a collection of random passwords.
Of course, not all manufacturers do this for every router, and it is up to the user to choose the WiFi settings and secure password for their device.
When you want to change the WiFi network password; Options include WEP; There is WPA and WPA2 to choose from. The best option is WPA2. There are many reasons to choose this type of cryptography; But in short, the other two options are easily cracked. Avoid simple passwords.
Disable Remote Access
If you need remote access for any reason; You will have no problem using it. But 99.9% of home users have no need to use this feature to configure the router remotely. Enabling Remote Access makes the router vulnerable and the hackers use the obtained position. Since the; The router not only serves as the heart of home network management but also acts as a firewall. When a saboteur gains remote control; It can open a firewall and make the most of it with full access to the home network.
Again, router manufacturers have recently given more importance to default security, and disabling remote access / management features by default is one of these measures. But do not be sure. Be sure to check this section and make sure this option is disabled. Go to the Advanced Settings section and check the remote access option.
Disable WPS and UPnP
Be sure to turn off Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) and Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) options. WPS allows you to pair devices with a router by pressing a button on the router or using a PIN (without the need to manually search for and connect to a Wi-Fi network), but WPS has so many security issues It is not worth using at all, you can easily find the option by searching in the router menu.
Besides that; Be sure to disable UPnP as well. The UPnP system has more applications than WPS, one of which is the automatic opening of ports in the firewall for applications such as Skype and Plex Media Server. But this feature, like the one above, can cause security problems within the network. Go to Settings and disable this option.
Eventually; With a simple update of the device firmware; Change default logins for router and WiFi access; As well as locking remote access; Increase the security of your device and home network up to ten times.