Autism: 9 things you may not know about it

Autism: 9 things you may not know about it

AUTISM: 9 THINGS YOU MAY NOT KNOW ABOUT IT

autism

More than 3.5 million adults and children in the United States suffer from autism spectrum disorder. That is about one in every 68 births.

In recent years, many people have been diagnosed with it. This increase indicates that people should have more knowledge on this topic. But there are still rumors and misconceptions about autism.

CHILDREN MAY BE VERY YOUNG WHEN DIAGNOSED WITH AUTISM:

Children can be diagnosed with autism at 18 months of age or younger. But most diagnoses occur at 24 months of age or older, which is a more reliable diagnosis at this point in life.

Children with it have social problems, but this is normal for their age.

There is no medical exam or blood test to diagnose it. Therefore, the doctor attempts to examine the child’s behavior through a developmental examination and then perform extensive and comprehensive diagnostic evaluations in this area.

The doctor also recommends that the person be contacted by a specialist on a regular basis and monitor their behavior.

THERE IS A WIDE RANGE OF SYMPTOMS:

Symptoms of autism can vary greatly depending on the individual. In some people, the symptoms of this disorder are mild, and in others, the symptoms present are more colorful.

But the symptoms include problems with social skills and social behaviors such as being withdrawn, not playing with other children, and not making eye contact. Children with it may repeat certain behaviors over and over, or they may become obsessed with their toys.

A lack of language skills is also a common and well-known symptom of this type of disorder. 20 to 30 percent of people with autism may not be able to use their language and oral skills well, but this is not always the case.

Another warning sign is that the child is very sensitive to sound, very moody, does not respond to other people’s words, does not point out interesting and attractive things and does not like to play with other children.

THE PREVALENCE OF THIS DISORDER APPEARS TO BE INCREASING:

Statistics regarding autism vary, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in every 68 children born with autism. There is a lot of disagreement among experts on this issue.

Some experts believe that such outbreaks result from a combination of prevalence and diagnosis.

The criteria for diagnosing autism are changing, and this has led to more children being diagnosed with it.

Some experts also believe that increased awareness among individuals has helped diagnose such conditions. Changes in the method of diagnosis and awareness have had the most significant impact in this area, but that is not all. More research is needed to determine these numbers, and these numbers alone cannot be relied upon.

BOYS ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE THIS DISORDER THAN GIRLS:

Autism is more common in boys. It is about 4.5 times that of girls. Althou it is said that all those affected are white men, people of all races may suffer from this disorder.

Although boys are diagnosed with the disorder earlier than girls, there is increasing evidence that the number of people with autism is also identified among girls. The small number the screenings for young girls is due to the fact that people have higher expectations for boys.

Most people think girls are shy and that this is normal if they don’t speak properly or prefer to play with themselves.

People also mistakenly believe that boys should play with their friends and make more noise. When they see a boy not playing with his friends, they pay much attention to him, which is the reason behind more diagnosis of autism in boys.

IT MAY START BEFORE BIRTH:

Scientists still don’t know exactly what causes autism. Most experts believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors can increase a person’s risk of developing it, but there are still many unknowns.

There is mounting evidence that children may develop autism even before birth. This is a critical point.

Most people think that it is a prenatal problem because different brain cells have been identified in these people. These cells develop before the baby is born.

Research shows that taking certain medications during pregnancy can increase your risk. Older parents have an increased risk of developing it. Also, if one of the children in the family has autism, the chances of other children in the family having it also increase.

CHILDREN WITH AUTISM MAY HAVE OTHER HEALTH PROBLEMS:

People with autism are also more likely to have other health problems. About 1% of people with this condition suffer from Fragile X syndrome. It is a genetic disorder.

More than 39% of those affected also have epilepsy in adulthood. These people are more prone to anxiety, ADHD, depression, sleep problems, allergies, and stomach problems.

 

VACCINES DO NOT CAUSE AUTISM.

Although there are significant disagreements about the relationship between childhood vaccinations and autism, rumors persist. Experts believe that the vaccine does not infect children with it.

This theory has been around since 1998 after a small study claimed to have found a link between vaccine and autism. The study was criticized and responded to by the journal that published it.

Previously, people thought that thimerosal (an ingredient in some vaccines) could increase the risk of developing it, but this has not been linked to the disorder. Subsequent studies and research have shown that the vaccine is safe for children and has nothing to do with autism.

EARLY INTERVENTION IS A KEY ISSUE:

There is no cure for autism, but early intervention can help. Most adults with this disorder believe they do not need treatment. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), speech and occupational therapy are used in these situations. There seems to be a lot of evidence about Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA).

Usually, the reasons for leaving the child alone are determined first. In this case, children are taught how to improve eye contact with others.

The sooner you treat the child and start treatment early, the better results can be expected. There are also medications to control some of the symptoms of autism, such as antidepressants and anti-epileptics or medications to help focus.

THE ASSESSMENT AND INTERVENTION CAN BE PROVIDED FREE OF CHARGE:

Do you think your child has autism? If so, you can use the free assessments. There are usually screening centers for these children that you can find with a little searching.

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