Collaborative Writing - Pattern Theory

Collaborative Writing – Pattern Theory

Lisa Ede and Andrea Lunsford researched on the importance of the viewers of the textual content. They postulated a idea referred to as the “Viewers Addressed vs. Viewers Invoked”, which debates the potential for there being a pre-existing viewers for any work of a author, whom he’ll deal with by his work and whom he has to bear in mind whereas writing.

The opposite argument is that writers create their very own viewers and so they don’t must preserve the viewers in thoughts whereas creating their content material. Primarily based on their commentary and learnings, they theorized seven organizational patterns for collaborative writing, which embrace −

First Sample

On this sample, your complete staff outlines and divides the duty amongst staff members, which every member then prepares and submits. The entire staff then compiles the person elements and revises your complete doc.

First Pattern

Second Sample

The staff plans and descriptions the writing job, nevertheless just one member partially drafts the doc and the remainder of the staff edits, makes modifications, modifies the doc and does the ultimate revision as properly.

Second Pattern

Third Sample

On this working sample, just one member of the staff writes the ultimate draft, which is then revised by the remainder of the staff. The distinction between third sample and second sample is that, right here the member writes the whole draft, not a partial one.

Third Pattern

Fourth Sample

One teammate outlines and writes the doc. As soon as he’s achieved, he’ll submit the doc to different teammates, who could or could not seek the advice of the unique creator on the modifications or modifications achieved.

Fourth Pattern

Fifth Sample

Within the fifth sample, your complete staff collectively outlines and writes the draft and later a number of members revise the draft with out consulting the remainder of the staff.

Fifth Pattern

Sixth Sample

The sixth sample divides the staff broadly into three elements −

  • One supervising member who outlines, divides, and assigns job to the team-mates.
  • A second supervisor who collects the finished duties from the teammates and compiles them.
  • The remaining teammates flip into writers.

Sixth Pattern

Seventh Sample

The seventh sample additionally divides the staff into three teams, the place the primary half dictates, the second half takes care of the transcription and the third half edits the resultant doc and submits the ultimate draft.

Seventh Pattern

Ede and Lunsford discovered that the degrees of satisfaction amongst staff members working in numerous patterns change. Many individuals confess that they want to be a part of a writing course of the place the objectives are clearly articulated and transparently shared.

Additionally they famous the diploma of mutual respect among the many staff members, the management writers have over their content material, their stage of engagement within the modifying course of, the style during which credit score is shared, conflict-management, constraints on the author, and eventually the importance of the mission inside the group.


Researchers have discovered that folks study extra about completely different cultures by mutual interplay, versus giving them inter-cultural classes in coaching rooms. For instance, a few of the widespread collaborative duties given in Spanish cultural sensitivity lessons are −

Hispanic tradition Staff-mates collaboratively put together a cultural report associated to Hispanics, their geography, local weather, economic system, in style customs, and regional cooking) by mutual dialogue.
Trip in Spain Groups collaborate and describe their concept of a trip in Spain, and locations to discover. The staff can be requested to design a complete itinerary for the journey, inclusive of bills on transportation, lodging and meals.