Hypoglycemia is a decrease in blood sugar that causes headaches, weakness and anxiety. What is the proper diet to treat hypoglycemia?
This article discusses the proper hypoglycemia diet and other tips for managing the disease.
What is hypoglycemia?
People with stable low blood sugar have hypoglycemia. Low blood sugar is usually associated with diabetes, but you may also experience hypoglycemia without diabetes.
Other causes include hormonal deficiencies, critical illnesses, and alcohol abuse.
When blood sugar drops about 4 hours after a meal, a person experiences hypoglycemia. This condition is caused by taking too much insulin after a meal.
Symptoms of hypoglycemia include:
- Feeling weak and dizzy
- Feeling weak
- Worry and anxiety
- Feeling distressed
- heart beat
- Blurred vision
- Burning lips
Nutrition for people with hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
People with hypoglycemia should be more careful about what they eat than what they eat at different meals.
Everyone should eat breakfast immediately after waking up. Because blood sugar drops during the night.
It is recommended to limit the consumption of juices in breakfast and consume only juices that do not have excess sugar because excess sugar disturbs the balance of blood sugar.
Some good breakfast examples are:
- Boiled eggs and toast with whole grains
- Grains of oatmeal with berries, seeds , AGOA and cinnamon
- Greek yogurt with berries, honey and oatmeal
Lunch should be a small meal, but it should be rich in protein , healthy fats and complex carbohydrates that cause a slow release of energy.
Some examples of lunch suitable for hypoglycemia are:
- Tuna, chicken, or tofu sandwich with whole grain bread and leaf salad
- Peas and vegetable salads
- Grilled fish, baked sweet potatoes and salads
A person with hypoglycemia needs to know the glycemic index or GI of the foods he eats. Some foods that look healthy may have a high GI. Fortunately, there are always alternatives with lower GI.
For example, sweet potatoes have a relatively low GI and are rich in antioxidants. This makes it a better choice than other potatoes such as white potatoes with a high GI.
While eating at night is tempting, a person with hypoglycemia should eat a smaller meal at dinner. A good dinner contains protein and complex carbohydrates.
Suitable dinner items include:
- Chicken or tofu with brown rice and vegetables
- Salmon with steamed vegetables or salad
- Grilled beans with lentils, red beans, peas and tomato paste
People with hypoglycemia should eat nutritious, small snacks between meals to keep their blood sugar steady and make sure they get enough of all the vitamins , minerals , healthy fats, proteins, and fibrous carbohydrates. they do.
Eating a snack after breakfast, after lunch and a snack near bedtime keeps blood sugar stable throughout the day and night.
Some healthy snacks include:
- A small apple with a few pieces of cheddar cheese
- A banana with a handful of nuts or seeds
- A slice of toast with mashed avocado or homs
- Whole grain crackers with a can of tuna or sardines
- Chopped carrots, peppers and cucumbers in Homs
- Vegetable drink
Remember that people who exercise regularly should eat more because physical activity lowers blood sugar .
You should eat small snacks containing carbohydrates and protein before exercising.
Good choices include:
- A piece of fruit or a handful of berries and whole grain crackers
- Greek yogurt with berries
- An apple with a spoonful of peanut butter and a piece of cheese
- A small handful of dried fruit and nuts
- Peanut butter without sweets and jelly on whole grain bread
Exercise on a full stomach is not recommended, so eat a small snack before exercising and be careful not to lose water.
Tips for managing hypoglycemia
A person with low blood sugar can consume 15 to 20 grams of carbohydrates such as a small glass of juice or some crackers.
If a person experiences symptoms of low blood sugar after 15 minutes, they can consume another 15 to 20 grams of carbohydrates.
Using a hypoglycemic diet helps manage symptoms and prevent hypoglycemia.
Lowering sugar and increasing complex carbohydrates help control blood sugar throughout the day and prevent a sudden rise or fall.
A person with hypoglycemia can make the following observations in life:
- Frequent meals
- Avoid sugary foods including sweets, sugary drinks and sugary juices
- Choose foods with a low GI
- Reduce or avoid alcohol consumption
When to see a doctor
Eating or drinking small amounts of carbohydrates, such as a piece of fruit or juice, can treat hypoglycemia .
Of course, any person who experiences regular or severe symptoms should see a doctor immediately. Hypoglycemia is a controllable disease and early detection means controlling symptoms.
It becomes dangerous if the symptoms of hypoglycemia go away without treatment. The symptoms are similar to those of other diseases, so it is best to see a doctor to be diagnosed.
Severe symptoms of hypoglycemia, including loss of consciousness, require immediate medical attention.