What is a file system? And what is the difference between FAT32 and NTFS ?
difference between FAT32 and NTFS

What is a file system? And what is the difference between FAT32 and NTFS ?

What is a file system? And what is the difference between FAT32 and NTFS?

In this article we want to explain the file system to you.

Also review the differences between the NTFS and FAT32 filesystems

File system is a way to store and organize computer files that make them easy to access.

The file system is also used to manage storage as well as data recovery.

If the file system does not exist, the beginning and end of the stored information will not be recognized.

What is a file system?  And what is the difference between FAT32 and NTFS?

The external memory of various devices often uses the FAT32 file system for greater compatibility.

But if the memories get bigger, they need an NTFS filesystem.

Some file systems are also compatible with an operating system, for example, the HFS + file system is not compatible with Windows and is for Mac OSX.

Linux operating systems also have their own filesystems, such as Ext3

All filesystems have different ways of organizing data.

Some file systems are faster and others are more secure.

Some are compatible with small storage memories and some with larger spaces.

Some of these file systems are resistant to malicious files,

But some ignore these features and focus more on access speed.

No file system provides all of these features in one place.

Each operating system has its own filesystem.

Also, newer file systems are more compatible with more spaces and have more features.


FAT32 :

FAT or File Allocation Table This type of file system is the oldest type of file system.

Which was first introduced in Windows 95 and replaced the FAT16 file system. .

Used by many storage memories, including portable storage memories such as flash memory and memory cards.

Originally used for low volume storage spaces.

NTFS file system is used for large storage media such as 1TB drives.


New Technology File System Newer versions of Windows from XP and above use the NTFS file system to format partitions, and it can also be used for peripheral drives. The size limit of partitions and files in NTFS is so large that it is unimaginable!

+ HFS :

The Mac OS uses the HFS + file system for internal partitions. Of course, on Mac operating systems, you can also use the FAT32 file system to read and write data, but in NTFS, you can only read data by default.

ExT2 / 3/4 :

This type of filesystem is found in Linux, and version 2 of this filesystem is old and does not have features such as writing in computer crash mode or shutting it down, and the information is lost. In version 3 these features have been added and these problems have been fixed but the file system speed has been reduced, version 4 is newer and faster.

These filesystems are not supported on Windows and Mac. And to access the files stored in this format, a separate software is required. It is therefore recommended that the Linux EXT4 partitions and portable storage devices be FAT32 or NTFS. Linux is capable of reading and writing on FAT32 and NTFS.

What is a file system? And what is the difference between FAT32 and NTFS?

Btrfs :

This file system is a new generation of Linux file systems and is being developed. Of course, this file system does not exist by default in Linux distributions, but it will soon be an alternative to Ext4. There are several file systems for Unix-based operating systems.

See Also Automatic emptying of the Recycle Bin

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