But some networks that contain 192.168.0.0 but do not start with this address can use it for a device without any problems. To make matters clearer, 192.168.1.1 is a common IP address assigned to home routers.
This IP address is used because the router is located on the network ID 192.168.1.0. Similarly, routers on the 192.168.0.0 network are usually assigned a local private IP address of 192.168.0.1.
Why do most devices not use 192.168.0.0?
Each Internet Protocol (IP) network contains a consecutive range of addresses. The first address number in this range is used by the protocol itself to identify the entire network. These so-called network numbers usually end in zero.
An address such as 192.168.0.0 will no longer be used for other purposes after being assigned a network number. For example, if a network administrator attempts to assign 192.168.0.0 to a device on the network as an IP static address, the entire network loses its functionality until the device disconnects from the network.
Note that if a network is set to a very wide range (for example, a network that extends from 192.168.128.0 to 192.168.255.255) it can still theoretically still be used as an address from 192.168.0.0 Used the device. This is why devices whose IP address ends with zero are rarely seen on networks.
How wide is the 192.168.0.0 network?
The size of a 192.168.0.0 network depends on the selected network mask. for example:
- 192.168.0.0/16 : Range between 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255 with 65,534 hosts
- 192.168.0.0/18 : Range between 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.63.255 with 16,382 hosts
- 192.168.0.0/24 : Range between 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.0.255 with 254 hosts
Home routers running on the 192.168.0.0 network often use 192.168.0.0/24 in their configuration, which means that they use 192.168.0.1 at their local gateway address. This setting allows the network to assign IP addresses to 254 different devices. That’s a lot for a home network.
Note that home networks can only handle a limited number of devices simultaneously, and as soon as the number of devices connected to the router exceeds 5-7 devices simultaneously, many network performance problems occur. This is not due to network limitations of 192.168.0.0, but issues such as signal interference and bandwidth sharing will reduce network performance.
192.168.0.0 How does it work?
The decimal point symbol in the IP address converts binary numbers used by computers into human-readable structures. The binary numbers associated with 192.168.0.0 are equivalent to the following values:
11000000 10101000 00000000 00000000
As a network number, this address is used in routing tables and by routers to share network information with others.
Many other zero-ended addresses can be used as an alternative. As mentioned above, home routers are usually installed on the 192.168.1.0 network instead of 192.168.0.0.
See Also How IP addresses work