High Jump

Spread the love

Excessive Bounce – Overview

Excessive soar is a sport all about peak. It’s a sport wherein perfection does matter so much. To grasp the act of perfection the athlete must practise numerous arduous periods with utmost dedication. On this article, other than taking part in process, we’ll study varied methods and disciplines to have a leading edge over others.

High Jump

The principle goal of this sport is that, the athlete wants to leap over a bar positioned over a sure peak with out touching it. The bar shouldn’t be dislodged from its place throughout the entire course of. The athlete will run 1stfor a sure distance then he’ll soar over the bar along with his again in the direction of the bar. For this to occur he must make turnings within the air throughout his leap. This sport is performed in each women and men class.

Excessive Bounce – A Transient Historical past

In 19thcentury first excessive soar occasion was organised in Scotland. Scissors methods and straight on strategy had been used extra usually by the gamers. Later, modification of the principles like positioning the bar in a diagonal method as a substitute of straight carried out. However it’s the 20th century when gamers like Michael Sweeney’s introduced revolutionary modifications like; doing take-off in scissors type however leaping over his again.

High Jump History

One other revolutionary man to deliver main change on this sport is Dick Fosbury. He used Fosbury flop approach to bag a gold medal on the Mexico Metropolis. The recognition of this sport may be judged from the truth that it was among the many occasions to be organised within the first trendy Olympics in 1896, held at Athens. At the moment, Individuals had been the primary to win eight gold medals on this occasion.

Taking part Nations

Excessive soar comes underneath the observe and subject job occasion. Since its introduction to trendy Olympics in 1896, the recognition and demand of this sport by totally different nations grew exponentially. Many Asian and non-Asian nations have their lively participation on this class of sport. Record of a number of the main dominating Asian nations contains China, Qatar, Japan, India, Kazakhstan, Sri Lanka, and so on. In 2014 Asian video games, Mutaz Essa Barshim of Qatar bagged the gold medal in males’s class and Svetlana Radzivil of Uzbekistan bagged gold medals in girls’s class respectively.

Equally many non-Asian nations have proven their abilities in occasions like summer time Olympics. International locations like, Nice Britain, Russia, United States, Ukraine, Canada, France and so on. are dominating within the competitions. In 2012 Summer season Olympics, Ivan Ukhov of Russia bagged the gold medal in males’s class whereas Anna Chicherova bagged gold in girls’s class. She is from Russia too.

The best way to play Excessive Bounce?

Allow us to now get into the main points of Excessive Bounce and see how this sport is meant to be performed.


Troublesome issues change into simpler, in case your understanding in that topic will go to a deep root stage. The principle physics behind the leaping is the angular momentum. Let’s attempt to perceive it in a easy method to have good grasp of topic. In excessive leaping a participant has to cross above the bar over their again utterly. Along with it, his head and foot clear the peak with out touching the bar.


Whereas taking off from the bottom the athlete faces the bar however whereas dropping on the bottom, he lands over his again on his shoulders and head. For this to occur he does take a rotation over the bar. This may be completed by both twist or by somersault. To generate an excellent twist, you must drive both parallel to or barely away from the bar with the assistance of your shoulders, lead knees and arms.

By driving the correct knee to the left of the path of journey, a left footed jumper can strategy from the correct and might generate a spin that may flip him on his again on the high of the bar. Whereas touchdown the wrong way up, such a methods via steady rotation will assist them land precisely on their again on the take-off place.

However somersault relies upon upon the angle made by the athlete with respect to the bottom whereas take off. This somersault has once more been divided into two classes; ahead somersault and lateral somersault. Ahead somersault relies upon upon the angle made by the athlete whereas leaning again. Equally the lateral somersault relies upon upon the angle made whereas leaning into the curve.

Forward and Lateral Somersault

In the course of the flight section the athlete must do full 180 diploma somersault rotation plus 180 diploma twist rotation to precisely land off on their again and shoulders, failing to which the soar will yield no profitable end result. Profitable 180 diploma rotation additionally relies upon upon the bottom strategy and take-off respectively.

Appropriate Strategy

Many instances it has been seen that athletes having good high quality of abilities usually fail to leap even a low peak bar simply due to incorrect strategy. A lot of the profitable athletes observe J formed strategy to get the efficient end result. In such a strategy the participant’s take-off toes must be positioned in the identical spot relative to the shut normal with the identical physique. It ought to lean on all repetition of the strategy.


If we’ll strive to have a look on this strategy from the up, we’ll discover minimal 8-10 variety of strides. An athlete must run in an accelerating stride sample. Whereas approaching it, he/she shouldn’t certain steps.

Establishing the StartMark

There may be fairly a easy methodology to mark the start line. Roughly and roughly 30”-36” out of the bar and from the take off level, the athlete runs in reverse J path in the direction of the start line. One other coach will rely the operating steps. He’ll notice the tenth operating step foot mark on the bottom and that would be the beginning mark.

Now, ranging from that start line the athlete must run 4-5 steps in straight and subsequent 4-5 steps in a curved J method with a lowered bar peak. On this manner the athlete can actually know whether or not the start line is as much as efficiency satisfaction stage or not.

Start line dedication could take a complete practise session. Subsequently it’s advisable to notice down each time the measurements to reach at a particular conclusion. The straight ahead path of operating often varies for each women and men. For males it often ranges from 12-16 toes out from the usual whereas; for ladies it ranges between 9 to 13 toes.

Profitable Extension of Take-off

Whereas leaping at first the failure is definite however it has main two causes. One is that participant use to interrupt off into the take-off space wherein he loses the momentum and in different case they shallow their approaching angle. Each of the above instances lead to parallel movement of the athlete with respect to bar. This must be taken care off.

On essentially the most troublesome job for a brand new athlete is to take off vertically. It’s often not precisely 90 levels with respect to floor reasonably have some trajectory angle however the angle deviation is small. On the level of planting your take off foot on the bottom, your physique posture must be erect. The knee shouldn’t flex a lot as extra flexing within the knee causes lack of pace and energy. Another necessary features that an athlete ought to consider whereas doing take-off are −

  • One ought to drive his lead leg upward parallel to the bar.
  • To the left of the ultimate strategy path, the hand must be pushed parallel to the bar.
  • Earlier than leaving the bottom the again shouldn’t be turned in the direction of the bar.
  • Shoulders shouldn’t be dropped whereas getting close by to the bar.
  • The shoulder which is nearer to the bar may be stored at somewhat bit extra peak than the opposite one.


Velocity and soar are straight proportional to one another. Extra is the pace, greater would be the soar. The athlete ought to decide his optimum pace at which he’s extra comfy with. Dedication of the above is just not a troublesome job although. Ranging from initially with every practise session, the athlete ought to go on rising his pace until his foot doesn’t get buckle whereas leaping.

Clearance of Bar

All the mandatory actions which might be required for a profitable bar clearance should be completed earlier than taking off. As a result of as soon as an athlete leaves the bottom it is rather troublesome to make any additional actions over air. Rotation of head primarily turns into troublesome in clearing bar however somewhat bit practise and proper strategy will maintain that.

Clearance of Bar

Analyse what physique components of yours can presumably contact the bar if you are clearing it. Akin to palms, elbows, head, hip and typically legs too. Know precisely easy methods to keep away from that. For instance it’s a common piece of recommendation that you shouldn’t drop your head down till you cross the bar. Equally your palms must be alongside of your physique in such a way that it’s going to lead to an enormous arc. Another common advices are −

  • Ft must be kicked up shortly as quickly as you cross the bar.
  • You shouldn’t stretch your leg whereas transferring up; as a substitute bent your knees to have an excellent rotation over the bar.
  • By default entrance knee can be in bent place from the beginning.
  • Ensure to keep up that posture. Nonetheless the take-off leg must be delivered to a bent place together with the lead leg through the course of.
  • Palms must be stored tight with respect to physique however you may wrap round in the direction of your toes additionally. This may serve you twin profit; it should forestall you from touching bar and can pace up your rotation.
  • To extend the pace, all the time attempt to hold your legs and arms as shut as doable to the centre of gravity. That is the one doable manner wherein a jumper can enhance his pace of rotation after take-off.

Excessive Bounce – Numerous Methods

Studying varied methods is just not a troublesome job in any respect, reasonably implementing them in your coaching is sort of troublesome. A learner ought to have proper strategy and consistency to reap these methods. One of many good methods to do that is by doing Strategy Runs. That is one thing acquainted to excessive soar solely however solely with the distinction that the jumper won’t soar on the finish. A 9-10 strategy runs earlier than precise practise is necessary however to have an excellent end result you may enhance it in accordance with your capability.

The next issues must be taken care of through the strategy run −

Efficient operating methods

  • sprinter methods must be used
  • Till earlier than last 1 or 2 steps, runners’ heel shouldn’t contact the bottom.
  • Use straight line acceleration strategy

Preserve the operating observe alongside the curvature

  • As a substitute of creating a fast motion, gradual operating must be most popular.
  • A 6-Four operating strategy is alleged to be ideally match for this. Meaning the athlete will run 6 steps in straight line and remaining Four steps in curvature path earlier than take-off.

Excellent acceleration alongside the take-off foot path

  • Sustaining a proper tempo is essential.
  • Gradual enhance of cadence must be completed to extend pace.
  • As a substitute of creating your previous few steps sooner, attempt to decelerate your first few steps.

Keep away from attacking the curve

  • As in strategy runs, the athlete don’t want to leap over, therefore steps get finally gradual through the finish of the run.
  • Keep away from that by putting a bar at a decrease peak than precise.
  • On the final step, as a substitute of leaping over it, attempt to get underneath it into the mat.

Scissor Bounce

This soar is carried out in between the conventional strategy and layouts. It’s nothing however a transitional drill. It contains the mix of each regular strategy and take-off. The essential goal behind this drill is to make the athlete stand on his lead toes after getting jumped over the bar. Think about the beneath diagram for clear understanding.

Scissor Jump

In such a strategy, the jumper simply assaults the bar. No want to fret concerning the technical facet of the soar. Take-off positions associated to vertical sections are clearly emphasised over right here. With common practise, as soon as the athlete achieves mastery over that individual stage of peak, the extent of the bar may be elevated a lot additional.

Again Overs

By way of the practise of this, the jumper will get used to his place over the bar. This can be a two-fold train and it’s not needed that you’ll use the next bar for practise. A brief peak bar that an athlete can soar over very simply can be an idle match for this. First his focus must be to not let his physique components contact the bar and secondly to influence a robust kick that may make his decrease physique efficiently clear the bar.

Back Overs

Quick Strategy Bounce

Abruptly practising the complete soar strategy takes loads of time and such excessive pace take-off causes fatigue and harm many of the instances. As a substitute of this the jumper ought to go for a brief soar strategy. As a result of in brief soar strategy the athlete can experience extra on sure methods and might practise it extra incessantly. Two types of brief time period strategy are defined beneath.

Minnesota Four step

  • Mark the start line on the bottom such that the jumper will likely be 4 step out from the bar on their full strategy.
  • Hits the mark with the left foot by jogging.
  • Repeat the 4 steps in right-left-right-left method.
  • In case you are engaged on bar clearance and take-off, this system will assist you numerous.

True Four Step

  • A very good strategy of attacking a bar.
  • Begin from the cease and take solely 4 steps to the bar.
  • Because the athlete will use solely 4 steps to clear the bar so his pace and acceleration will enhance two-fold.

Full Strategy Jumps

That is an precise practise to make an athlete in a position to compete in actual competitors. The one confidence gaining key in a meet time scenario in a full strategy is to practise this full soar strategy.

Full Approach Jump

The athlete ought to focus upon easy methods to speed up his pace from gradual to excessive and decide up a lightning quick pace on the finish. Clearance of bar and take-off methods must be practised together with it to reap essentially the most through the competitors.

Excessive Bounce – Guidelines

Following are a number of the necessary guidelines of excessive soar set by Worldwide Affiliation of Athletic Federation (IAAF)

  • Take-off should be made with one foot solely.
  • Dislodging of the bar or breaking the airplane close to the sting of the bar earlier than clearing won’t be counted as profitable soar.
  • Leaping peak is determined by the Chief Decide. Gamers can settle for the problem or could go it.
  • If the competitor fails to leap the required peak in three consecutive makes an attempt then he/she will likely be disqualified from the competitors.
  • In the course of the last match, whoever clears above the bar with highest peak is asserted as winner.
  • In case there’s a tie, following two situations could also be utilized to resolve the winner.
    • The participant who has fewer misses on the peak at which the tie has occurred, is asserted as winner.
    • The participant who has fewest misses within the general event is asserted as winner.
  • The jumpers need to face a jump-off if there will likely be a tie for a primary place.
  • The peak will likely be larger than the earlier stage. Every participant will likely be given one likelihood for every clearance

Excessive Bounce – Tournaments and Champions

Worldwide Associations of athletic federation (IAAF) is the governing physique of excessive soar. Each collaborating nation have their very own governing physique to prepare the sport efficiently all through the calendar. Right here is the listing of some necessary tournaments on this class.

  • Summer season Olympics
  • World Championship
  • World Indoor championship
  • Continental Championship
  • Continental indoor championship
  • Commonwealth video games
  • Universidad
  • Mediterranean

A quick synopsis of a number of the champions of excessive soar is given beneath.

Javier Sotomayor

Javier Sotomayor

He’s a competitor from Cuba. He’s the one one who has cleared the Eight toes peak. He has complete 16 gold medals in complete throughout his complete profession by competing in varied tournaments. By the age of 19, he held the report of world’s no 5 greatest jumpers.

Dietmar Mogenburg

Dietmar Mogenburg

He’s a competitor from West Germany. He has received West German excessive soar championship 10 instances. He has received a complete of seven gold medals in his complete profession via varied tournaments. On the age of 18, Mögenburg managed to leap 2.35m and set a brand new world outside junior report. Mogenburg, later in 1985, established a brand new world indoor mark of two.39m in Cologne.

Stefan Holm


He’s a competitor from Sweden. He has bagged complete eight gold medals in his complete excessive soar profession until now. Holm rose to fame in 2000 when he completed 4th on the Sydney Olympics with a leap of two.32 m. His private outside and indoor information are 2.37 m and a couple of.40 m respectively. As well as, Holm has the distinctive distinction of leaping 2 m or greater in six totally different methods.