Low levels of vitamin B12 in your body can negatively affect the health of your bones. Bone is a complex matrix of connective fibrous proteins such as collagen and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus.
Many aspects of your diet play a role in maintaining healthy bones. Including adequate intake of calcium , phosphorus , magnesium , zinc and vitamins C B6, B12, D, K.
How does your body use vitamin B12?
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is commonly associated with dietary protein and is essential for many body processes, including red blood cell production, nerve function, DNA synthesis, and protein and fat metabolism.
Hydrochloric acid, protease enzymes, and a compound called “natural factor” in your stomach’s digestive secretions are needed to break down vitamin B12 in your diet so your body can absorb it.
If you have a variety of intestinal diseases or are a vegetarian, you may have difficulty getting vitamin B12 as you get older. Deficiency of this vitamin in your body, in addition to bone problems, may also cause anemia and decreased cognitive function.
Improves bone density
Vitamin B12 plays an important role in bone cell activity, bone shape and red blood cell production, all of which affect the health of your bones. According to a October 2004 study in the journal Bone and Mineral Research, low levels of vitamin B12 in your body may be associated with decreased bone mineral density.
This means that your bones lack the minerals they need to stay strong. Over time, the bones become weak, brittle, and hollow, which can lead to osteoporosis. The good news is that getting enough vitamin B12 may help prevent osteoporosis.
Prevents bone fractures
Decreased bone density may increase the risk of bone fractures. According to a 2009 study in the Journal of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, people on a vegetarian diet who were deficient in vitamin B12 had higher rates of burnout and bone loss. This may increase the risk of bone fractures.
According to a 2009 study in the journal Endocrinology and Clinical Metabolism, vitamin B12 deficiency in your body may increase your risk of pelvic fractures as you age. Pelvic fractures in the elderly can lead to death or long-term hospitalization.
How to increase your intake of vitamin B12
To prevent these bone problems, you need to get enough vitamin B12 from your diet. According to the Medical Institute, adults need at least 2.4 micrograms of vitamin B12 daily. B12 is found in protein-rich foods such as oysters, seafood, beef, milk, yogurt, cheese, eggs and poultry. Breakfast cornflakes are also usually fortified with B12.
If you can not get the vitamin B12 you need through diet alone, talk to your doctor about taking a vitamin B12 supplement . May sublingual tablets B12 or B12 injections to be prescribed.