Zinc (Zn) is an intermediate metal belonging to group 12 of the periodic table. As an “essential trace element”, it has significant biological significance for plants and animals. This element is responsible for various functions in the human body and stimulates the activity of 100 different enzymes. In this article, we are going to talk about some of the health benefits of zinc . Just a very small amount of zinc is enough to get the benefits. Recent studies show that the permissible intake is 8 mg per day for women and 11 mg per day for men . Lack of enough zinc in the body causes a person to be exposed to various diseases. Research shows that zinc deficiency is responsible for 800,000 deaths in children. This element is found naturally in a variety of foods but can also be found in supplements.
What are the possible properties of zinc for human health ??
Zinc is essential for a healthy immune system, proper DNA synthesis, promoting the health and growth of the human body in childhood, and healing wounds. Let’s take a closer look at this.
Regulation of immune system function:
According to studies, the human body needs zinc to activate T lymphocytes (T cells). T cells help the body in two ways:
- Control and regulate immune responses
- Attack of cancer or infectious cells
Lack of procedure can seriously impair the functioning of the immune system. According to a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, people with zinc deficiency are more susceptible to a variety of pathogens.
treatment for diarrhea:
Diarrhea kills more than 1.6 million children under the age of five each year, according to the World Health Organization. An article published in Time magazine shows that zinc pills help treat diarrhea. According to studies, taking zinc-containing pills can be effective in treating diarrhea and prevent similar conditions in the future.
Impact on learning and memory:
Studies at the University of Toronto, published in the journal Neuron, show that it plays a key role in regulating how neurons communicate with each other and can have a significant impact on human memory and learning.
Help treat colds:
Zinc tablets can reduce the duration of treatment for colds by up to 40%. In addition, review studies show that zinc consumption is very effective in reducing the length and severity of colds.
It plays a very important role in maintaining the structure and texture of the skin. Patients suffering from chronic wounds often have zinc deficiency. These people should be treated with an increase in zinc in the body. A Swedish study shows that topical application of zinc may stimulate the healing of foot ulcers by re-enlarging the epithelium, reducing inflammation and bacterial growth. When applied to wounds, zinc not only treats topical zinc deficiency but also has medicinal properties for the body. However, continuous research has not shown that the use of zinc sulfate in patients with chronic wounds can be effective in improving the treatment rate.
Zinc deficiency was first discovered in adolescent boys with mild anemia, short stature, and delayed puberty. Their diet was full of refined grains and bread made from refined flours. When zinc deficiency was corrected, these people increased their height by 5 inches each year . Today, grains and flours are enriched with zinc.
Reducing the risk of age-related chronic diseases:
A study by researchers at Oregon State University found that improving zinc status through diet and supplementation may reduce the risk of inflammatory diseases. Using cell cultures and a mouse model, the researchers were able to show that age-based zinc deficiency (which decreases with age as zinc decreases in the body) may lead to immune system dysfunction, systemic inflammation, and chronic disease. People 60 years of age and older are usually at risk for zinc deficiency.
Zinc consumption recommendations:
The permissible dose of zinc is 8 mg per day for women and 11 mg per day for men. Proper intake of zinc is also important for children because even mild zinc deficiency can cause growth retardation, increased risk of infection, diarrhea and respiratory diseases. The permissible intake of zinc for children one to eight years old is 3 to 5 mg. Men 9 to 13 years old need 8 mg of zinc per day. After the age of 14, this amount increases to 11 mg. For women, this amount is 8 mg per day, but at the age of 14 to 18 this amount will increase to 9 mg. Pregnant and lactating women; They should take 11 to 13 mg of zinc daily depending on their age. In addition to growth retardation, zinc deficiency can delay wound healing, reduce taste perception, skin lesions, night blindness and hair loss.Be. Zinc deficiency is also associated with neurological impairment. Zinc supplements are also available, but it is best to use natural foods to provide this element. Research has shown that taking one type of vitamin or mineral alone may not work. You should look for foods that contain the most minerals and vitamins. Focus on foods that meet your daily needs. In case of deficiency, you can use supplements with your doctor’s advice.
Zinc deficiency is usually due to low intake of this element. However, this deficiency may be due to poor absorption and chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, or liver disease.
Excess zinc intake can be harmful because it suppresses copper absorption. Side effects of high-intensity zinc may include:
- Loss of appetite
- stomach ache